Within the group all children are supported in developing their full potential at their own pace.  Our key person system enables us to ensure a planned curriculum tailored to the needs of each individual child.  By means of developmentally appropriate play and a high level of adult input, we deliver a curriculum which enables children to progress through the Early Years Foundation stage.

The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS)

The EYFS identifies 3 prime areas of learning and 4 additional specific areas.

Prime areas

  • Personal, social and emotional
  • Communication and language
  • Physical

Specific areas

  • Literacy
  • Mathematics
  • Understanding the world
  • Expressive arts and design

What does this look like at Parkroyal pre-school?

Prime Areas

Personal, social and emotional development

Within a nurturing environment children are individually supported in developing confidence, autonomy and self-respect.  They are encouraged to work and concentrate independently and also to take part in the life of the group, sharing and co-operating with other children and adults.  Through activities, conversation and practical example, they learn acceptable ways to express their own feelings and to have respect for the feelings of others.  All children are encouraged to take responsibility for themselves and also for the group, its members and its property.

Communication and language

In both small and large groups, children are encouraged to extend their vocabulary by talking, listening and by hearing and responding to stories, songs and rhymes.  We use a range of non-verbal techniques to communicate with children with language/communication difficulties or for whom English is not the home language. Small group activities give children the opportunity to take time, to ensure that they have understood and find the language to respond.

Physical development

A range of equipment and opportunities, both indoors and outdoors, allows children to develop confidence and enjoyment in the use of their own physical skills.  Good adult supervision means that children can safely create and meet physical challenges, developing skill and control in moving, climbing and balancing.  They are helped to develop the fine motor skills they will need to use tools, including pens and pencils, and to handle small objects with increasing control and precision.  They are also encouraged to develop an awareness of their own bodies and what keeps them healthy.

Specific areas


A well-stocked book corner gives every child the opportunity to become familiar with books, to handle them with care and to use them for both reference and as a source of stories and pictures. Adults ensure that children see writing as a means of communicating, by writing notes, tallying registers and sending messages, they are helped to understand that written symbols carry meaning, to be aware of the purpose of writing and, when they are ready, to use written symbols for themselves Children are encouraged to use a range of tools to make their own marks (chalk, crayon, pencils even shaving foam).


Games are planned which help children become familiar with the sorting, matching, ordering, sequencing and counting activities, which form the basis for early mathematics.  Children learn to use the vocabulary of mathematics. Songs and books help children become aware of number sequencing and order.

Understanding the world

A safe and stimulating environment allows children to observe and experiment with a range of natural and manufactured materials.  They learn to recognise differences, patterns and similarities and to share and record their findings.  Children are assisted in exploring and understanding their environment both within the group and also in the wider community.  They learn to respect other people and to expect to be respected for themselves.  A range of safe and well-maintained equipment enables children to extend their understanding of technology and how it can be used to solve problems.

Expressive arts and design

Children are encouraged to use a wide range of resources in order to express their own ideas and feelings and to make models in two and three dimensions.  Art equipment including paint, glue, crayons and pencils as well as natural and recycled materials provide an exploration of colour shape and texture.  They join in with music, stories and role-play alone or in a group.  Dressing up and role play help children to use their own imagination to change and shape their play.